The Freedwoman

Mary Snowden and Cynthia Walton, two dusky damsels of Eufaula, who have been awaiting trial in the Muskogee jail on a charge of assault to kill, were tried by a jury and the result was a verdict of guilty as to Mary Snowden and acquittal as to Cynthia. — Muskogee Phoenix (Muskogee, Oklahoma), December 7, … Continue reading The Freedwoman

Pink’s Story (Part 2)

Continued from Pink's Story (Part 1) Pink Bruner was serving a life sentence at Leavenworth Penitentiary for the murder of Marshal Hugh Myers in May 1900, though everyone agreed he was not the man who pulled the trigger. As part of the Curtis Act, a federal law that resulted in the break up of tribal … Continue reading Pink’s Story (Part 2)

Pink’s Story (Part 1)

From Friday until Tuesday night the U.S. Court has been engaged in the trial of Pink Bruner for the killing of Hugh Myers, city marshal of the town of Davis, on May 5, 1900. The evidence showed that Bruner and two other negroes went to Davis on that evening, filled up on whiskey, and rode … Continue reading Pink’s Story (Part 1)

Lost in Translation

“Yes, I killed ‘em. They beat me. I was their slave.”   And so Dan Tso-Se, 16-year-old Navajo is to go to Fort Leavenworth with the brand of Cain upon him, because, goaded to desperation by the ill-treatment he had received from five members of his tribe, he fired bullets into them as they slept … Continue reading Lost in Translation